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Delhi & Agra

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The Indian city of Agra is said to have been founded in 1475 during the reign of Raja Badal Singh. Mughal monarchs transformed the land into one of the great centres of art, culture, learning and commerce. Massive monuments, majestic buildings and still flourishing arts and crafts including leatherwork and pietra dura marble-inlay work along with delicious Mughal cuisine have now become an inseparable part or more, the identity of the city. Besides Taj, many other magnificent monuments are a testimony to the zenith and golden period of Mughal architecture.

New Delhi, the capital and the third largest city of India is a fusion of the ancient and the modern. Standing along the West End of Gangetic Plain, Delhi, unravels a picture rich with culture, architecture and human diversity, deep in history, monuments, museums, galleries, gardens and exotic shows. Comprising of two contrasting yet harmonious parts, the Old Delhi and New Delhi, the city is a travel hub of Northern India.

From the glorious wonder of the world, The Taj Mahal, to the marvellous Lotus Temple of New Delhi, take your time to explore Agra and Delhi.

Our Delhi and Agra Destination Guide together with our Delhi and Agra Tour Suggestions will tell you all you need to know about the best places to visit in Delhi and Agra. For tips on how to get around in Delhi and Agra, read our Delhi and Agra Transportation guide.

Delhi Religion

Hinduism is practised by 83.67% of Delhi's population. There are also large, vibrant communities of Muslims (9.2%), Sikhs (6.1%), Christians (0.9%) and Jains. Other minorities include, Buddhists and Jews. Punjabis, Gujjars and Jats are large ethnic communities, but a collage of peoples from almost every Indian state inhabits the city. Large numbers of Kashmiris also inhabit the city and its outskirt areas.

Delhi Language

Hindi is the principal spoken and written language. Other commonly spoken languages are English, Punjabi and Urdu. (English being an associate official language, and Punjabi and Urdu being second official languages.) Since Delhi is the capital, linguistic groups from all over India are represented including: Tamil, Kannada, Telugu and many others.

Charming and historical city of Old Delhi

Narrating the city's Mughal past, Old Delhi, takes you through the labyrinthine streets passing through formidable mosques, monuments and forts. You will also discover lively and colourful bazaars that boast to cater all sorts of good and items at mind-blowing prices amidst a barely controlled chaotic ambience. The imperial city of New Delhi displays the finely curved architecture of British Raj. It generates a mesmerising charm, reflecting well-composed and spacious streets under the shade of beautifully lined avenues of trees and tall, imposing government buildings.

Entertainment and Nightlife in Delhi

Keeping pace with globalisation, there are many discotheques and the city has a vibrant nightlife, although most clubs are located in five-star hotels. Some of these are C.J.'s (Le Meridien), Annabelle's (The Hilton), Dubliner (Maurya Sheraton Hotel), Agni (Park Hotel), Oasis (Hyatt Regency), Djinn's (Hyatt Regency) and My Kind of Place (Taj Palace). Other places include Shalom (Greater Kailash), Voda (Saket), Buzz (Saket), T'zers (Saket), Punjabi by Nature (Vasant Vihar) and Fabric (on the Gurgaon-Mehrauli road). Many Delhiites also throng the many malls that have sprung up within Delhi and its surrounding areas: a steady stream of cars heads towards Gurgoan, which has probably the highest concentration of shopping malls in India.

Agra Geography and Location

Agra is situated on the bank of Yamuna river, situated between 27°11' North latitude and 78°0' degree to 78°2' East longitude, at 169 meters above sea level. On the north it is bounded by Mathura, on the south by Dhaulpur, on the east by Firozabad, and on the west by Bharatpur.

Agra History

Agra is an ancient city, called Agrabana in the epic Mahabharata. Ptolemy marked Agra on a third-century map of the world. The Persian poet Salman described a twelfth century assault on Agra. The city was fortified by Badal Singh ca 1475, whose Fort, Badalgarh stood near the site of the present Red Fort. Agra was a capital of the Lodi kingdom, defeated by the first Mughal Emperor, Babar. The Mughals also began to use it as a capital. Agra's importance grew during the reigns of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan, and became a major center of art, culture, commerce and learning. These emperors undertook major building projects.

Agra Population

Agra is the third biggest city in Uttar Pradesh. The population of the city in 2001 was 1,316,177.

Agra Climate

Summer - Max. 45 °C, Min. 21.9°C
Winter - Max. 31.7 °C, Min. 4.2 °C
Rainfall: 660 mm (June to September)
Best Season: October to March

Government of India Tourist Office in Agra

191, The Mall, Agra 282001. Tel: 363377, 363959

Delhi Population

Delhi's population is more than 15 million people (2005 est.), making it the third largest metropolitan area in India after Mumbai and Calcutta. About 295,000 people live in New Delhi and 125,000 in Delhi Cantonment. There are 827 women per 1000 men; the literacy rate is 78.5%. Approximately 90% of the population is urban. Delhi has one of the highest per capita incomes in India and is one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in Asia. It is now estimated that more than 15.0 million people live in Delhi and its surrounding suburbs with migrants accounting for 60% of the increase in population. Include the satellite towns NOIDA, Gurgaon, Faridabad and Ghaziabad, the population is estimated over 20 million.

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Hotel Amar Vilas - AgraINR 29,520.00

Hotel City ParkINR 6,000.00

LaSagritaINR 3,000.00

Hotel MarinaINR 5,600.00

Hotel Nirula'sINR 4,560.00

The Metropolitan / Hotel NikkoINR 16,000.00

Hotel Apra InternationalINR 1,560.00

Hotel Dream InnINR 1,440.00

The Connaught PalaceINR 6,000.00

The Shangri LaINR 15,600.00

The GrandINR 15,680.00

Yamuna View - AgraINR 3,920.00

Radisson HotelINR 13,120.00

Hotel Atithi - AgraINR 1,900.00

Hotel Pablas InternationalINR 1,840.00

Pushp Villa ( Deedar-e-taj ) agraINR 2,000.00

Usha Kiran Palace - AgraINR 2,200.00

Prince PoloniaINR 1,080.00

The ImperialINR 19,200.00

InterContinental The Grand New DelhiINR 13,520.00

Royal Residency, DelhiINR 1,520.00

Jaypee Palace - AgraINR 8,800.00

Royale Residency, AgraINR 2,400.00

Ashok Country ResortINR 6,600.00

The Park Hotel New DelhiINR 12,400.00

Jukaso InnINR 7,000.00

Howard Park Plaza - AgraINR 5,400.00

Holiday Inn - AgraINR 5,120.00

The Clarks Shiraz - AgraINR 4,600.00

Ganga Ratan - AgraINR 1,400.00

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